Prejudice levels in Scotland during the COVID-19 pandemic

handful of face coverings in many coloursWednesday 9 June 2021
12pm – 1pm


The presentation will share the findings from a survey conducted in August 2020, which was patterned after the Prejudice Barometer 2018 carried out by the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). Using the EHRC measures meant that the researchers, all from the University of St Andrews School of Management,  could benchmark and broadly assess changes in prejudiced attitudes before and during the pandemic.

The study examined the prejudiced attitudes of respondents in relation to their worries about the virus. It considered economic factors that might affect their endorsement of prejudiced attitudes, such as their income, job security and inequality of pay in their workplace (i.e., pay ratio).

The research focussed on prejudiced attitudes toward people with protected characteristics, and also toward three groups particularly affected by the pandemic:
• people of low socio-economic status
• people with a mental health condition
• obese people.

By looking at different forms of prejudice, the study builds a picture that reveals challenges while it highlights opportunities for policy measures that can improve the situation for people who are targets of prejudiced attitudes.

Photo by Vera Davidova on Unsplash

The harmful effects of high CEO pay and high intraorganisational pay inequality on employees’ workplace perceptions and experiences

ten pennies and two £20 notesWednesday 26 May 2021
2pm – 3:15pm


This seminar will be presented by colleagues from the University of St Andrews School of Management. Their talk will discuss research that uses data from Scotland and the USA, and provides evidence that pay inequality, both perceived and actual, has harmful effects for employees. The analysis shows that high CEO pay and high pay inequality are linked to the following for employees:

• perceptions of their employer as less caring and competent
• lower engagement
• lower trust
• feelings of not being treated fairly, valued, or respected at work
• heightened perception of prejudice, discrimination, bullying and harassment at work
• lower wellbeing.

The study demonstrates that these effects are partly or fully explained by a perceived culture of competition within the organisation, marked by heightened social comparison and a focus on performance over learning and ethics.

The presentation will consider reasons that organisations may struggle to foster a culture conducive to engagement, inclusion and wellbeing. The researchers will acknowledge the limitations of the current research, and discuss the challenges and opportunities for future study.

This CREDI event has been organised jointly with the School of Management’s series of brown bag research seminars. The series aims to provide opportunities to showcase ongoing research and offer a regular space for colleagues across the School to come together and open up research conversations across the thematic groups and research centres.

How to have difficult conversations about race: in the context of decolonising the curriculum

University of St Andrews School of Management taught postgrads seated in a seminarPanel members:

  • Dr Foluke Adebisi,
    University of Bristol Law School
  • Dr Jason Arday,
    Durham University
  • Dr Khadija Mohammed,
    University of the West of Scotland

Thursday 18 March 2021
12 noon – 2pm

Guest expert panelists will answer questions about decolonisation of the curriculum with respect to race and practical steps the University of St Andrews can take to embed inclusive and decolonial practice.

The panelists welcome relevant questions in advance. To submit a question, please email by Monday 22 February 2021.

This webinar is open to all staff and students. The event is free to attend. However, please use the Eventbrite link below to register attendance.

Join ‘How to have difficult conversations about race…’ online

Tackling belief-related harrassment

lights shining in St Salvator's chapel, University of St Andrews, with a hazy view of Archbishop Cushley giving mass in the backgroundProfessor Paul Weller,
Coventry University

Wednesday 17 March 2021
1pm – 2pm

Professor Paul Weller will present this seminar entitled “Uncovering and tackling religion- or belief-related harassment: lessons from an office for students’ research and intervention project”.

The presentation will discuss a Coventry University project led by Professor Weller, ‘Tackling religion-based hate crime on the multi-faith campus’.

The project aimed to:

• better support students in understanding what religion-based hate crime is and encourage them to report and receive support
• strengthen the existing reporting and case management mechanism to ensure it addresses religion-based hate crime affecting students
• provide an exemplar for the HE sector via partnership with, and knowledge sharing through, national organisations working on HE equality policy (ECU) and with Church of England chaplains.

Belonging, Bodies, Banter and Beyond

Professor Ruth Woodfield and Dr Anna Brown,
University of St Andrews

two fire fighters in front of a blaze. Photo by Charlota Blunarova on Unsplash.Professor Ruth Woodfield, CREDI Co-Director, and Dr Anna Brown will  host an online research seminar entitled “Belonging, Bodies, Banter and Beyond: bringing a Bakhtinian lens to organisational tensions within the UK Fire and Rescue Service”.

Wednesday 9 December 2020

2.30pm – 4pm

The authors use a Bakhtinian lens to understand organisational tensions in the Fire Service. Their research explores the role of banter, and ‘beyond banter’ episodes, in affirming and challenging hierarchical relationships between various groups – including men and women – within the Service.

Photo by Charlota Blunarova on Unsplash

Access a recording of the “Belonging, Bodies, Banter and Beyond” seminar below. University of St Andrews login for Streams is required.

Inclusive and equitable teaching with technology: welcoming and supporting all our students

Flower Darby

Flower Darby is an author, educator and speaker who specialises in teaching and learning, design and practice in both face-to-face and online formats. She will be joining CREDI to present a seminar entitled “Inclusive and equitable teaching with technology: welcoming and supporting all our students”.

Wednesday 4 November 2020Flower Darby

2.30pm – 4pm

Engaging our diverse students in all class formats is crucial to our societal well-being, yet we may not feel equipped to do so. Join us to explore theoretical frameworks and practical strategies that allow us to welcome and support all our students in equitable and inclusive online and in-person classes. You’ll leave with new ideas to apply in your teaching next week or next term, as we seek to better support our students’ ability to learn and succeed.

Flower Darby’s PowerPoint Presentation – Inclusive and Equitable Teaching With Technology Nov 4 2020

Access a recording of Flower Darby’s session below. University of St Andrews login for Streams is required.

Menopause and the workplace: new directions in research

Professor Joanna Brewis,
Open University  

Wednesday 13 November 2019

1pm – 2.30pm

Lecture Room 3, School of Management,

The Gateway North Haugh, St Andrews, KY16 9RJ

This presentation will focus on the importance of future research adopting an intersectional, political economy approach to menopause, in order to better understand the considerable differences between how women going through menopause transition experience work. It will offer arguments ranging from the macro through the meso, down to the micro level of these differences, in doing so, setting an agenda for the work to come on this very significant issue.

Menopause Cafe

A Menopause Café aimed at breaking down the taboo around menopause, increasing awareness of the impact of the menopause on those experiencing it, their family, friends and their colleagues and reflecting on the ‘third stage of life’, is being held on Wednesday 20th November 2019. The Menopause Café is open to both male and female participants of all ages.

Menopause Cafe was founded by Rachel Weiss in Perth, Scotland. Following the World’s first Menopause Café in 2017, a number of Menopause Cafés have been organised throughout the UK, including in some workplaces. Rachel Weiss of Rowan Consultancy, who founded Menopause Café commented,

“The Menopause Café is aimed at women and men of all ages who would like to come along and talk about the menopause, to share their stories, experiences and questions, all made that little bit easier with tea and cake. Unfortunately, many women feel that they should just ‘get on with’ the Menopause, with some never talking to their friends or family about it, but the reality is that it affects all women eventually, not forgetting those who live and work with them. People can come along and just listen, or join in on the discussions, hopefully leaving with a clearer sense of the impact of the menopause on those who are experiencing it, alongside their families, friends and colleagues.”

Wednesday 20 November 2019, 1pm and 2pm

Lecture Room 3, School of Management, University of St Andrews
The Gateway, North Haugh
St Andrews
KY16 9RJ

Analysing Ageism and Age Discrimination (at work)

Professor John Macnicol,
University College London (UCL)

Research seminar, University of St Andrews

Wednesday 12 June 2019

12.30pm – 2pm

Professor Macnicol presents a seminar entitled “Analysing ageism and age discrimination (at work)”. In the last twenty years, there has been much discussion of ageism and age discrimination in employment in the UK. Many argue that age should join class, gender and race as protected characteristics in any modern, civilised society. However, there are intriguing problems with the timing of this renewed interest, and in many ways both concepts have been under discussion for a very long time. It is possible, for example, to see interest in age discrimination in employment as far back as the 1930s. The question is, therefore, why these disadvantages have re-appeared on the public policy agenda, and to what extent they have been used to justify a workfarist agenda which may not be in the best interests of older people.